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Azhdaya Ravenwolf
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Pagan origins of Easter

Many, perhaps most, Pagan religions in the Mediterranean area had a major seasonal day of religious celebration at or following the Spring Equinox. . . . Cybele,  the  Phrygian fertility goddess,  had a consort, Attis,  who was believed to have been born via a virgin birth.  Attis was believed to have  died and been resurrected each year during the period MAR-22 to MAR-25.

Gerald L. Berry, author of "Religions of the World," wrote:

"About 200 B.C. mystery cults began to appear in Rome just as they had earlier in Greece. Most notable was the Cybele cult centered on Vatican hill ...Associated with the Cybele cult was that of her lover, Attis (the older Tammuz, Osiris, Dionysus, or Orpheus under a new name). He was a god of ever-reviving vegetation. Born of a virgin, he died and was reborn annually. The festival began as a day of blood on Black Friday and culminated after three days in a day of rejoicing over the resurrection."

Wherever Christian worship of Jesus and Pagan worship of Attis were active in the same geographical area in ancient times, Christians:

"... used to celebrate the death and resurrection of  Jesus on the same date; and pagans and Christians used to quarrel bitterly about which of their gods was the true prototype and which the imitation."

Many religious historians and liberal theologians believe that the  death and resurrection legends were first associated with Attismany centuries before the birth of  Jesus. They were simply grafted onto stories of Jesus' life in order to make Christian theology more acceptable to Pagans . . . Others suggest that many of the events in  Jesus'  life that were recorded in the gospels were lifted from the life of  Krishna,  the second person of the Hindu Trinity . . . Ancient Christians had an alternative explanation; they claimed that  Satan had created  counterfeit deities  in advance of the coming of Christ in order to confuse humanity . . . Modern-day Christians generally regard the Attis legend as being a Pagan myth of little value with no connection to  JesusThey regard Jesus' death and resurrection account as being true, and unrelated to the earlier tradition.

Wiccans and other modern-day Neopagans continue to celebrate the Spring Equinox as one of their 8 yearly Sabbats (holy days of celebration) . . . Near the Mediterranean, this is a time of sprouting of the summer's crop; farther north, it is the time for seeding . . . Their rituals at the Spring Equinox are related primarily to the fertility of the crops and to the balance of the day and night times . . . In those places where Wiccans can safely celebrate the Sabbat out of doors without threat of religious persecution, they often incorporate a  bonfire  into their rituals,  jumping over the dying embers  is believed to  assure fertility of people and crops.

Origins of the name "Easter"

The name "Easter" originated with the names of an ancient Goddess and God. The Venerable Bede, (672-735 CE.) a Christian scholar,  first asserted in his book De Ratione Temporum that Easter was named after Eostre (a.k.a. Eastre). She was the Great Mother Goddess of the Saxon people in Northern Europe. Similarly, the "Teutonic dawn goddess of fertility [was] known variously as Ostare, Ostara, Ostern, Eostra, Eostre, Eostur, Eastra, Eastur, Austron and Ausos." . . . Her name was derived from the ancient word for  spring: "eastre." Similar Goddesses were known by other names in ancient cultures around the Mediterranean, and were celebrated in the springtime.

Some were:

Aphrodite from ancient Cyprus

Ashtoreth from ancient Israel

Astarte from ancient Greece

Demeter from Mycenae

Hathor from ancient Egypt

Ishtar from Assyria

Kali, from India

Ostara a Norse Goddess of fertility.

An alternative explanation has been suggested . . . The name given by the Frankish church to Jesus' resurrection festival included the Latin word "alba" which means "white." (This was a reference to the white robes that were worn during the festival.) "Alba" also has a second meaning: "sunrise." . . . When the name of the festival was translated into German,  the "sunrise" meaning was selected in error.  This became "ostern" in German.  Ostern has been proposed as the origin of the word "Easter".

There are two popular beliefs about the origin of the English word "Sunday." . . .  It is derived from the name of the Scandinavian sun Goddess: Sunna (a.k.a. Sunne, Frau Sonne).

It is derived from "Sol,"  the Roman God of the Sun." . . . The phrase "Dies Solis" means "day of the Sun." The Christian saint Jerome (d. 420) commented "If it is called the day of the sun by the pagans, we willingly accept this name, for on this day the Light of the world arose, on this day the Sun of Justice shone forth."




Every Teacher is a Student, every Student a Teacher ~

~ Azhdaya Ravenwolf 


March 18, 2011 at 3:36 AM Flag Quote & Reply

Azhdaya Ravenwolf
Site Owner
Posts: 354

Please feel free to add to this thread/post . . . Afterall, we are here to "Learn & Share."   ) :) (


Every Teacher is a Student, every Student a Teacher ~

~ Azhdaya Ravenwolf 


March 24, 2014 at 1:28 PM Flag Quote & Reply

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